Whither Capitalism?: Internalizing The Market And Free Investment

Whither Capitalism?: Internalizing The Market And Free Investment
Tags: Makoto Nishibe

This book is the first to clarify the essential meaning and serious impact of globalization at the most abstract level from the point of view of Polanyi's three socioeconomic principles of exchange, reciprocity, and redistribution. The book also gives a theoretically coherent explanation of the evolution of the market economy and capitalist economy with respect to the advancement of commodification through Marx's internalization of the market into the community and state. Globalization is conceived as the long-term tendency of the market to extensively expand and intensively deepen and of the community and state to contract and become more shallow. The ultimate goal of globalization portends free investment capitalism for all peoplenot only capitalists and speculators, but workers, students, and housewives as well. The book also examines Hayek's criticism of a centrally planned economy and Lange's proposal of market socialism in the Socialist Calculation debate going on since the 1920s, and acknowledges Hayek's vision of a dispersive market with local and tacit knowledge to understand why socialism is infeasible and capitalism is robust. The outcomes of globalization are disastrous in the socioeconomic, cultural, and ecological realms. In the twenty-first century, therefore, a post-capitalist, cooperative market economy mediated by new forms of money as communication media must be achieved. These new media will include community currencies and local exchange trading systems (LETS) that can maintain the merits of money and the market and can overcome the defects of free investment capitalism.