The study of Muslim experiences in and with Europe during the interwar period is still in its initial phase. Addressing a gap, this volume brings together the insights of an interdisciplinary group of scholars who examine Muslim networks and actors in interwar Europe with a particular focus on the transnational dimensions of their activities. Drawing on official and personal archives and contemporary writings that have been largely ignored in the study of Europe, the contributors place Muslim activities within global political and intellectual history. They analyze significant socio-political ideals and religious affiliations, as well as the broader social, political, religious, and cultural mobility patterns of Muslims as new social actors in the Europe of that era. Together, the chapters reveal the importance of the geopolitical and intellectual EastWest networks of the interwar period.