The four sections in this Third International Handbook are concerned with: (a) social, political and cultural dimensions in mathematics education (b) mathematics education as a field of study (c) technology in the mathematics curriculum and (d) international perspectives on mathematics education. These themes are taken up by 84 internationally-recognized scholars, based in 26 different nations. Each of section is structured on the basis of past, present and future aspects. The first chapter in a section provides historical perspectives ("How did we get to where we are now?") the middle chapters in a section analyze present-day key issues and themes ("Where are we now, and what recent events have been especially significant?") and the final chapter in a section reflects on policy matters ("Where are we going, and what should we do?"). Readership: Teachers, mathematics educators, ed.policy makers, mathematicians, graduate students, undergraduate students. Large set of authoritative, international authors.