This exquisite collection of short fiction by Sata Ineko (1904-1998) offers readers a fascinating glimpse into the lives of women rarely dignified in fiction: glamorous cafe waitresses, feisty communist activists, a tortured novelist, a soldier's wife, and single women in Japan's Korean colony. Her delicately penned portraits challenge the tired, erotic tropes of the geisha and schoolgirl, while delving into the dilemmas women themselves faced in their personal and professional relationships. The stories and novella translated here span a period of two decades and the most important events and themes in twentieth-century history. "Cafe Kyoto" (1929) takes up the glamorous, if tragic, lives of cafe waitresses in the wake of the late 1920s Depression. "Tears of a Factory Girl in the Union Leadership" (1931) offers a unique portrait of a woman who works with the underground Communist Party. "The Scent of Incense" (1942), written as a work of "home front" literature, was meant to help mobilize women as productive workers and supportive housewives during World War II. "White and Purple" (1950), one of Sata's rare postcolonial works penned just after the outbreak of the Korean War, reflects on the psychological damage inflicted on women during Japan's occupation of Korea. Sata's first novella, Crimson (1936-1938), joins a long tradition of women's writing in Japan that sought to assert women's "liberation" from what was seen as the oppressively patriarchal institution of marriage.Translator Samuel Perry's critical introduction weaves the story of Sata's life into an examination of the historical and cultural milieu that helped to generate her stories about working women, their lives in the workplace and in the home. As the celebrated author herself once wrote, "The kinds of womanhood available today exist precisely because literary masters of different ages and cultures have drawn us to them: the woman we pity, the woman with a heart of gold, the cruel woman, the clever woman, the hen-pecker, the cheapskate, and the `good wife wise mother.' As terms we use to describe the kinds of women who exist in the world today, they have simply outgrown their usefulness.