How do the United States, France, Nigeria, and Chile deal with the problem of judicial review? Which countries guarantee their citizens equality under the law? Which states may suspend civil liberties in times of crisis? This informative reference work allows easy comparison between the constitutions of the 194 countries of the world. Written by specialists in the respective country, the entries follow a common structure that makes the systems easily comparable. Following a brief preface, the introduction explores the concepts of constitutional law and fundamental rights. In the A-to-Z section, each signed country entry begins with an "At-a-Glance" box that summarizes the governmental system, the legislative system, the date of the original constitution, the date the constitution was last changed, and more.
This volume also includes a narrative discussion for each entry that analyzes the constitution's basic principles, including constitutional history, governmental regulation of the economy, and the rights and duties of citizenship. Other features include suggestions for further reading, including sources for the text of the constitution in English and in the original language appendixes that cover the constitution of the European Union and provide an overview of special and disputed territories a glossary and a comprehensive index. Its coverage for each country includes: amendments to the constitution basic organizational structure citizenship constitutional bodies constitutional history economy and economic rights the election process form and impact of the constitution fundamental rights leading constitutional principles military, defense, and state of emergency political parties and religious communities.